Interesting facts about Our National Anthem and Flag: They came into existence after a series of modifications and development. National Flag and the National Anthem are the most popular symbols of India’s freedom struggle. Here are Some Controversies and Interesting facts about Our National Anthem and Flag You should aware of.
Today India is celebrating its 74th Independence Day. People of the country will hoist the Indian national flag and sing the national anthem on this day amidst much fanfare. The current form of the Indian national flag came into existence after a series of developments and modifications.
An integral part of India’s freedom struggle, the Tricolour has a rich history. Likewise, the National Anthem, Jana Gana Mana, too has its own history. It was originally composed in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore.
Interesting facts about our National Anthem and Flag
The National flag of India is also called the Tricolour / Tiranga. It is designed horizontally and consists of three colors – saffron on the top, white in the middle, and green at the bottom. The flag has Dharma Chakra or Asoka Chakra in the center. Adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July 1947, the Chakra in the flag has 24 spokes in navy blue color and symbolizes Hindu and Buddhist philosophies and represents ideas of righteousness, justice, and forwardness.
The saffron color of the flag represents the country’s strength, courage, and selflessness, while the white color indicates peace and truth as well as cleanliness and knowledge. The green signifies fertility, growth, and auspiciousness of India’s land. As per the law, the flag is to be made of ‘Khadi’, a special type of hand-spun cloth of cotton or silk.
The Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission hold the right to manufacture the National Flag.
The Bureau of Indian Standards is responsible for the manufacturing and designing process of the flag.
The country’s National Flag is based on the Swaraj flag – the Indian National Congress flag which was designed by Pingali Venkayya.
According to a report by NDTV, the first version of the National Flag of India had green, yellow and red stripes; it was hoisted on 7 August 1906. The flag had religious symbols, eight roses, and Vande Mataram inscribed in it.
For the first time ever, the Indian tricolor will be hoisted at Times Square in New York on 15 August 2020.
A report by Jagran Josh says that the ratio of the width of the Indian national flag to its length is 2:3. The national flag should always be taken down in the evening by the sunset.
The government has recently allowed the hoisting of the national flag at all the central universities in the country.
India’s national anthem
India’s national anthem is written by Rabindranath Tagore and was originally composed in Bengali as Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata.
The NDTV report says that the national anthem of India was first publicly sung on 27 December 1911, at the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. During a meeting of the German-Indian Society on 11 September 1942,
Subhas Chandra Bose first used the term “National Anthem” for Jana Gana Mana. It formally became the national anthem of India in 1950. According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, the full version of the anthem and its playing time is approximately 52 seconds.
Interestingly, Tagore translated the national anthem into English on 28 February 1919, titled The Morning Song of India. A Hindi-Urdu version translated by Captain Abid Hasan Safrani also exists and is called Subh Sukh Chain.
There was also a controversy that Tagore wrote the song as a praise to King George IV. However, the Nobel Laureate quashed those rumors in a letter to Pulin Bihari Sen which was later published in Bichitra (p.709, Dec 1938).
The letter as quoted in The Indian Express, reads: “That Lord of Destiny, that Reader of the Collective Mind of India, that Perennial Guide, could never be George V, George VI, or any other George” After the controversy refused to die down,
Tagore again wrote on 13 March 1939: “I should only insult myself if I cared to answer those who consider me capable of such unbounded stupidity as to sing in praise of George the Fourth or George the Fifth as the Eternal Charioteer leading the pilgrims on their journey through countless ages of the timeless history of mankind.”
Source: First Post